Go to Which Past US President Is The Best? Selector
Presidential comparisons and descriptions:


George Washington

John Adams

Thomas Jefferson

James Madison

James Monroe

John Quincy Adams

Andrew Jackson

Martin Van Buren

William Henry Harrison

John Tyler

James Knox Polk

Zachary Taylor

Millard Fillmore

Franklin Pierce

James Buchanan

Abraham Lincoln

Andrew Johnson

Ulysses Simpson Grant

Rutherford B. Hayes

James A. Garfield

Chester Alan Arthur

Grover Cleveland

Benjamin Harrison

William McKinley

Theodore Roosevelt

William Howard Taft

Woodrow Wilson

Warren G. Harding

Calvin Coolidge

Herbert Hoover

Franklin Delano Roosevelt

Harry S Truman

Dwight David Eisenhower

John F. Kennedy

Lyndon B. Johnson

Richard M. Nixon

Gerald R. Ford

Jimmy Carter

Ronald Reagan

George Herbert Walker Bush

Bill Clinton

George Walker Bush

Barack Obama

Donald Trump



George Washington "Father of His County" (1789-1797) #1 George Washington was 57 years old when he became president. He had 7 years of political experience prior to that. years of political experience. His education includes: A surveyor's certificate from The College of William and Mary. He was 188 cm. or 6.17 feet tall.
Historians' assessment: His public persuasion score by historians was 91.4%, for crisis leadership he scored 94.1%, for economic management, he scored 84.1%, for moral authority: 97.6%, international relations: 87.6%, administrative skills: 84.7%, relations with Congress: 82.8%, vision and setting an agenda: 93.2%. "His Pursued Equal Justice For All" score is 54.4%. Among presidential communicators he ranked as #12. His congressional relationship rank is #3. Ability to compromise #3. As for his willingness to take risks he was #4. Imaginative rank #9.
According to Psychological Science's team of psychologists, he was supremely confident, he ranked #19 on the narcissism scale. In another evaluation by psychologists, they classified him thus: A Good guy. Good guys are defined as not being overwhelmed by stress. They make good decisions even under adversity.
In the 2017 C-SPAN survey of historians, Washington ranked #2 overall. In the similar 2010 Siena College Research Institute's survey of presidential scholars, he was ranked #4.

John Adams "His Roundity" (1797-1801) #2 John Adams was 61 years old when he became president. He had 17 years of political experience. His education includes: Harvard University. He was 171 cm. or 5.61 feet tall.
Historians' assessment: His public persuasion score by historians was 50.7%, for crisis leadership he scored 62.8%, for economic management, he scored 62.5%, for moral authority: 70.7%, international relations: 70.2%, administrative skills: 59.9%, relations with Congress: 52%, vision and setting an agenda: 57.8%. "His Pursued Equal Justice For All" score is 52.6%. Among presidential communicators he ranked as #18. His congressional relationship rank is #26. Ability to compromise #32. As for his willingness to take risks he was #16. Imaginative rank #17.
According to Psychological Science's team of psychologists, he was moderately confident for a president, he ranked #17 on the narcissism scale. In another evaluation by psychologists, they classified him thus: An introvert.
In the 2017 C-SPAN survey of historians, Adams ranked #19 overall. In the similar 2010 Siena College Research Institute's survey of presidential scholars, he was ranked #17.

Thomas Jefferson "Long Tom" (1801-1809) #3 Thomas Jefferson was 58 years old when he became president. He had 20 years of political experience. He served in the military. His education includes: The College of William and Mary. He was 189.2 cm. or 6.21 feet tall.
Historians' assessment: His public persuasion score by historians was 82.1%, for crisis leadership he scored 72.4%, for economic management, he scored 63.3%, for moral authority: 78.5%, international relations: 71.5%, administrative skills: 71.8%, relations with Congress: 74%, vision and setting an agenda: 87.2%. "His Pursued Equal Justice For All" score is 47.8%. Among presidential communicators he ranked as #6. His congressional relationship rank is #4. Ability to compromise #11. As for his willingness to take risks he was #8. Imaginative rank #3.
According to Psychological Science's team of psychologists, he was supremely confident, he ranked #30 on the narcissism scale. In another evaluation by psychologists, they classified him thus: A philosopher, in other words: curious, inquisitive and analytical.
In the 2017 C-SPAN survey of historians, Jefferson ranked #7 overall. In the similar 2010 Siena College Research Institute's survey of presidential scholars, he was ranked #5.

James Madison "Father of the Constitution" (1809-1817) #4 James Madison was 58 years old when he became president. He had 20 years of political experience. He served in the military. His education includes: Princeton University. He was 163 cm. or 5.35 feet tall.
Historians' assessment: His public persuasion score by historians was 62.3%, for crisis leadership he scored 60.4%, for economic management, he scored 57.9%, for moral authority: 72.9%, international relations: 56.9%, administrative skills: 62.7%, relations with Congress: 60.1%, vision and setting an agenda: 63.4%. "His Pursued Equal Justice For All" score is 47.2%. Among presidential communicators he ranked as #11. His congressional relationship rank is #9. Ability to compromise #7. As for his willingness to take risks he was #15. Imaginative rank #8.
According to Psychological Science's team of psychologists, he was very confident for a president, he ranked #36 on the narcissism scale. In another evaluation by psychologists, they classified him thus: A philosopher, in other words: curious, inquisitive and analytical.
In the 2017 C-SPAN survey of historians, Madison ranked #17 overall. In the similar 2010 Siena College Research Institute's survey of presidential scholars, he was ranked #6.

James Monroe "The Last of the Crooked Hats" (1817-1825) #5 James Monroe was 59 years old when he became president. He had 23 years of political experience. He served in the military. His education includes: The College of William and Mary (did not graduate). He was 182.9 cm. or 6.00 feet tall.
Historians' assessment: His public persuasion score by historians was 64.5%, for crisis leadership he scored 66.1%, for economic management, he scored 58%, for moral authority: 66.2%, international relations: 79.5%, administrative skills: 66.4%, relations with Congress: 66.2%, vision and setting an agenda: 65.6%. "His Pursued Equal Justice For All" score is 43.5%. Among presidential communicators he ranked as #15. His congressional relationship rank is #8. Ability to compromise #8. As for his willingness to take risks he was #17. Imaginative rank #16.
According to Psychological Science's team of psychologists, he was very confident for a president, he ranked #41 on the narcissism scale. In another evaluation by psychologists, they classified him thus: A good guy. Good guys are defined as not being overwhelmed by stress. They make good decisions even under adversity. An extrovert.
In the 2017 C-SPAN survey of historians, Monroe ranked #13 overall. In the similar 2010 Siena College Research Institute's survey of presidential scholars, he was ranked #7.

John Quincy Adams "Old Man Eloquent" (1825-1829) #6 John Quincy Adams was 58 years old when he became president. He had 25 years of political experience. His education includes: Leiden University (transferred) Harvard University. He was 170.2 cm. or 5.58 feet tall.
Historians' assessment: His public persuasion score by historians was 42.7%, for crisis leadership he scored 54.1%, for economic management, he scored 58.6%, for moral authority: 70.1%, international relations: 68.5%, administrative skills: 61.4%, relations with Congress: 44.3%, vision and setting an agenda: 65.5%. "His Pursued Equal Justice For All" score is 66.9%. Among presidential communicators he ranked as #20. His congressional relationship rank is #35. Ability to compromise #29. As for his willingness to take risks he was #23. Imaginative rank #11.
According to Psychological Science's team of psychologists, he was moderately confident for a president, he ranked #27 on the narcissism scale. In another evaluation by psychologists, they classified him thus: An introvert.
In the 2017 C-SPAN survey of historians, Adams ranked #21 overall. In the similar 2010 Siena College Research Institute's survey of presidential scholars, he was ranked #19.

Andrew Jackson "Old Hickory" (1829-1837) #7 Andrew Jackson was 62 years old when he became president. He had 2 years of political experience. He served in the military. He was very confident for a president. He was 185.4 cm. or 6.08 feet tall.
Historians' assessment: His public persuasion score by historians was 82.2%, for crisis leadership he scored 73.5%, for economic management, he scored 47.6%, for moral authority: 59.3%, international relations: 58%, administrative skills: 56.5%, relations with Congress: 53.7%, vision and setting an agenda: 79%. "His Pursued Equal Justice For All" score is 31.2%. Among presidential communicators he ranked as #10. His congressional relationship rank is #14. Ability to compromise #38. As for his willingness to take risks he was #5. Imaginative rank #13.
According to Psychological Science's team of psychologists, he was very confident for a president, he ranked #3 on the narcissism scale. In another evaluation by psychologists, they classified him thus: A dominator. Dominators are prone to bully others and are bossy, demanding, and domineering. An extrovert.
In the 2017 C-SPAN survey of historians, Jackson ranked #18 overall. In the similar 2010 Siena College Research Institute's survey of presidential scholars, he was ranked #14.

Martin Van Buren "The Little Magician" (1837-1841) #8 Martin Van Buren was 54 years old when he became president. He had 20 years of political experience. He was very humble for a president. He was 167.6 cm. or 5.50 feet tall.
Historians' assessment: His public persuasion score by historians was 46%, for crisis leadership he scored 41.1%, for economic management, he scored 37.1%, for moral authority: 46.8%, international relations: 51%, administrative skills: 55.1%, relations with Congress: 47.9%, vision and setting an agenda: 41.8%. "His Pursued Equal Justice For All" score is 38.9%. Among presidential communicators he ranked as #23. His congressional relationship rank is #19. Ability to compromise #13. As for his willingness to take risks he was #32. Imaginative rank #24.
According to Psychological Science's team of psychologists, he was very humble for a president, he ranked #14 on the narcissism scale. In another evaluation by psychologists, they classified him thus: A dominator. Dominators are prone to bully others and are bossy, demanding, and domineering.
In the 2017 C-SPAN survey of historians, Van Buren ranked #34 overall. In the similar 2010 Siena College Research Institute's survey of presidential scholars, he was ranked #23.

William Henry Harrison "Old Tippecanoe" (1841) #9 William Henry Harrison was 68 years old when he became president. He had 20 years of political experience. He served in the military. His education includes: Hampden–Sydney College (withdrew) University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine (withdrew). He was 172.7 cm. or 5.67 feet tall.
Historians' assessment: His public persuasion score by historians was 47.6%, for crisis leadership he scored 32.7%, for economic management, he scored 37.8%, for moral authority: 46.9%, international relations: 34.3%, administrative skills: 34.5%, relations with Congress: 40.5%, vision and setting an agenda: 40.4%. "His Pursued Equal Justice For All" score is 31.4%. Among presidential communicators he ranked as #25. His congressional relationship rank is #31. Ability to compromise #35. As for his willingness to take risks he was #30. Imaginative rank #35.
According to Psychological Science's team of psychologists, he was very humble for a president, he ranked #16 on the narcissism scale. In another evaluation by psychologists, they classified him thus: An actor. Actors’ characteristics include being charming, lively, warm and self-disclosing. An extrovert.
In the 2017 C-SPAN survey of historians, Harrison ranked #38 overall. In the similar 2010 Siena College Research Institute's survey of presidential scholars, he was ranked #35.

John Tyler "His Accidency" (1841-1845) #10 John Tyler was 51 years old when he became president. He had 21 years of political experience. He served in the military. His education includes: The College of William and Mary. He was 182.9 cm. or 6.00 feet tall.
Historians' assessment: His public persuasion score by historians was 36.8%, for crisis leadership he scored 40.1%, for economic management, he scored 37.7%, for moral authority: 34.7%, international relations: 50.9%, administrative skills: 40.6%, relations with Congress: 31%, vision and setting an agenda: 37.5%. "His Pursued Equal Justice For All" score is 24.1%. Among presidential communicators he ranked as #39. His congressional relationship rank is #42. Ability to compromise #39. As for his willingness to take risks he was #26. Imaginative rank #29.
According to Psychological Science's team of psychologists, he was very humble for a president, he ranked #12 on the narcissism scale. In another evaluation by psychologists, they classified him thus: A Good guy. Good guys are defined as not being overwhelmed by stress. They make good decisions even under adversity.
In the 2017 C-SPAN survey of historians, Tyler ranked #39 overall. In the similar 2010 Siena College Research Institute's survey of presidential scholars, he was ranked #37.

James Knox Polk "Napoleon of the Stump" (1845-1849) #11 James K. Polk was 49 years old when he became president. He had 16 years of political experience. He served in the military. His education includes: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. He was 172.7 cm. or 5.67 feet tall.
Historians' assessment: His public persuasion score by historians was 68.8%, for crisis leadership he scored 73.8%, for economic management, he scored 63.2%, for moral authority: 53.2%, international relations: 67.5%, administrative skills: 69%, relations with Congress: 64.6%, vision and setting an agenda: 76.6%. "His Pursued Equal Justice For All" score is 32.1%. Among presidential communicators he ranked as #13. His congressional relationship rank is #12. Ability to compromise #23. As for his willingness to take risks he was #7. Imaginative rank #14.
According to Psychological Science's team of psychologists, he was very confident for a president, he ranked #22 on the narcissism scale. In another evaluation by psychologists, they classified him thus: A dominator. Dominators are prone to bully others and are bossy, demanding, and domineering.
In the 2017 C-SPAN survey of historians, Polk ranked #14 overall. In the similar 2010 Siena College Research Institute's survey of presidential scholars, he was ranked #12.

Zachary Taylor "Old Rough and Ready" (1849-1850) #12 Zachary Taylor was 64 years old when he became president. He had 0 years of political experience. He served in the military. He was humble for a president. He was 172.7 cm. or 5.67 feet tall.
Historians' assessment: His public persuasion score by historians was 48.5%, for crisis leadership he scored 47.6%, for economic management, he scored 46.1%, for moral authority: 51%, international relations: 49.7%, administrative skills: 45.2%, relations with Congress: 43.3%, vision and setting an agenda: 44.1%. "His Pursued Equal Justice For All" score is 36.3%. Among presidential communicators he ranked as #28. His congressional relationship rank is #37. Ability to compromise #34. As for his willingness to take risks he was #28. Imaginative rank #27.
According to Psychological Science's team of psychologists, he was humble for a president, he ranked #13 on the narcissism scale. In another evaluation by psychologists, they classified him thus: A Good guy. Good guys are defined as not being overwhelmed by stress. They make good decisions even under adversity.
In the 2017 C-SPAN survey of historians, Taylor ranked #31 overall. In the similar 2010 Siena College Research Institute's survey of presidential scholars, he was ranked #33.

Millard Fillmore "The Accidental President" (1850-1853) #13 Millard Fillmore was 51 years old when he became president. He had 12 years of political experience. He served in the military. He was very humble for a president. He was 175.2 cm. or 5.75 feet tall.
Historians' assessment: His public persuasion score by historians was 36.3%, for crisis leadership he scored 42.4%, for economic management, he scored 40.8%, for moral authority: 35.8%, international relations: 48.2%, administrative skills: 42.9%, relations with Congress: 43.1%, vision and setting an agenda: 37.1%. "His Pursued Equal Justice For All" score is 28.6%. Among presidential communicators he ranked as #40. His congressional relationship rank is #38. Ability to compromise #25. As for his willingness to take risks he was #37. Imaginative rank #36.
According to Psychological Science's team of psychologists, he was very humble for a president, he ranked #42 on the narcissism scale. In another evaluation by psychologists, they classified him thus: A Good guy. Good guys are defined as not being overwhelmed by stress. They make good decisions even under adversity.
In the 2017 C-SPAN survey of historians, Fillmore ranked #37 overall. In the similar 2010 Siena College Research Institute's survey of presidential scholars, he was ranked #38.

Franklin Pierce "Handsome Frank" (1853-1857) #14 Franklin Pierce was 48 years old when he became president. He had 9 years of political experience. He served in the military. His education includes: Bowdoin College, Northampton Law School. He was 177.8 cm. or 5.83 feet tall.
Historians' assessment: His public persuasion score by historians was 32.3%, for crisis leadership he scored 26.9%, for economic management, he scored 36.6%, for moral authority: 29.6%, international relations: 37.5%, administrative skills: 36.7%, relations with Congress: 36.6%, vision and setting an agenda: 27.5%. "His Pursued Equal Justice For All" score is 22.6%. Among presidential communicators he ranked as #37. His congressional relationship rank is #41. Ability to compromise #36. As for his willingness to take risks he was #38. Imaginative rank #39.
According to Psychological Science's team of psychologists, he was overly humble for a president, he ranked #29 on the narcissism scale. In another evaluation by psychologists, they classified him thus: An actor. Actors’ characteristics include being charming, lively, warm and self-disclosing.
In the 2017 C-SPAN survey of historians, Pierce ranked #41 overall. In the similar 2010 Siena College Research Institute's survey of presidential scholars, he was ranked #40.

James Buchanan "Old Buck" (1857-1861) #15 James Buchanan was 66 years old when he became president. He had 31 years of political experience. He served in the military. His education includes: Dickinson College. He was 182.9 cm. or 6.00 feet tall.
Historians' assessment: His public persuasion score by historians was 23.9%, for crisis leadership he scored 17.4%, for economic management, he scored 30.1%, for moral authority: 20.5%, international relations: 32.1%, administrative skills: 34%, relations with Congress: 28.4%, vision and setting an agenda: 19.7%. "His Pursued Equal Justice For All" score is 18.4%. Among presidential communicators he ranked as #41. His congressional relationship rank is #40. Ability to compromise #41. As for his willingness to take risks he was #43. Imaginative rank #42.
According to Psychological Science's team of psychologists, he was overly humble for a president, he ranked #25 on the narcissism scale. In another evaluation by psychologists, they classified him thus: An introvert.
In the 2017 C-SPAN survey of historians, Buchanan ranked #43 overall. In the similar 2010 Siena College Research Institute's survey of presidential scholars, he was ranked #42.

Abraham Lincoln "Honest Abe" (1861-1865) #16 Abraham Lincoln was 52 years old when he became president. He had 10 years of political experience. He served in the military. He was supremely confident. He was 193 cm. or 6.33 feet tall.
Historians' assessment: His public persuasion score by historians was 92.4%, for crisis leadership he scored 97.8%, for economic management, he scored 80.9%, for moral authority: 96.2%, international relations: 86.4%, administrative skills: 85.6%, relations with Congress: 79.5%, vision and setting an agenda: 97.6%. "His Pursued Equal Justice For All" score is 93.1%. Among presidential communicators he ranked as #2. His congressional relationship rank is #6. Ability to compromise #1. As for his willingness to take risks he was #2. Imaginative rank #2.
According to Psychological Science's team of psychologists, he was supremely confident, he ranked #32 on the narcissism scale. In another evaluation by psychologists, they classified him thus: A philosopher, in other words: curious, inquisitive and analytical.
In the 2017 C-SPAN survey of historians, Lincoln ranked #1 overall. In the similar 2010 Siena College Research Institute's survey of presidential scholars, he was ranked #3.

Andrew Johnson "The Tennessee Tailor" (1865-1869) #17 Andrew Johnson was 56 years old when he became president. He had 22 years of political experience. He served in the military. He was overly humble for a president. He was 177.8 cm. or 5.83 feet tall.
Historians' assessment: His public persuasion score by historians was 24.9%, for crisis leadership he scored 25.3%, for economic management, he scored 38%, for moral authority: 24.3%, international relations: 40.1%, administrative skills: 28.5%, relations with Congress: 17.1%, vision and setting an agenda: 26.2%. "His Pursued Equal Justice For All" score is 24.5%. Among presidential communicators he ranked as #43. His congressional relationship rank is #43. Ability to compromise #43. As for his willingness to take risks he was #34. Imaginative rank #41.
According to Psychological Science's team of psychologists, he was overly humble for a president, he ranked #9 on the narcissism scale. In another evaluation by psychologists, they classified him thus: A dominator. Dominators are prone to bully others and are bossy, demanding, and domineering.
In the 2017 C-SPAN survey of historians, Johnson ranked #42 overall. In the similar 2010 Siena College Research Institute's survey of presidential scholars, he was ranked #43.

Ulysses Simpson Grant "Unconditional Surrender" (1869-1877) #18 Ulysses S. Grant was 47 years old when he became president. He had 0 years of political experience. He served in the military. His education includes: United States Military Academy. He was 174 cm. or 5.71 feet tall.
Historians' assessment: His public persuasion score by historians was 60.9%, for crisis leadership he scored 58.7%, for economic management, he scored 47.1%, for moral authority: 61.4%, international relations: 60.4%, administrative skills: 40.8%, relations with Congress: 54.6%, vision and setting an agenda: 50.7%. "His Pursued Equal Justice For All" score is 64%. Among presidential communicators he ranked as #24. His congressional relationship rank is #22. Ability to compromise #22. As for his willingness to take risks he was #22. Imaginative rank #26.
According to Psychological Science's team of psychologists, he was moderately confident for a president, he ranked #39 on the narcissism scale. In another evaluation by psychologists, they classified him thus: An innocent. Innocents are submissive and accept domination easily and often unmotivated.
In the 2017 C-SPAN survey of historians, Grant ranked #22 overall. In the similar 2010 Siena College Research Institute's survey of presidential scholars, he was ranked #26.

Rutherford B. Hayes "Rutherfraud" (1877-1881) #19 Rutherford B. Hayes was 54 years old when he became president. He had 7 years of political experience. He served in the military. His education includes: Kenyon College, Harvard Law School. He was 174 cm. or 5.71 feet tall.
Historians' assessment: His public persuasion score by historians was 46.1%, for crisis leadership he scored 45.7%, for economic management, he scored 47.6%, for moral authority: 46.9%, international relations: 48.5%, administrative skills: 49.8%, relations with Congress: 45.8%, vision and setting an agenda: 42.5%. "His Pursued Equal Justice For All" score is 38%. Among presidential communicators he ranked as #30. His congressional relationship rank is #29. Ability to compromise #18. As for his willingness to take risks he was #33. Imaginative rank #32.
According to Psychological Science's team of psychologists, he was humble for a president, he ranked #35 on the narcissism scale. In another evaluation by psychologists, they classified him thus: A philosopher, in other words: curious, inquisitive and analytical.
In the 2017 C-SPAN survey of historians, Hayes ranked #32 overall. In the similar 2010 Siena College Research Institute's survey of presidential scholars, he was ranked #31.

James A. Garfield "Boat Man Jim" (1881) #20 James Garfield was 49 years old when he became president. He had 19 years of political experience. He served in the military. His education includes: Hiram College (transferred) Williams College. He was 182.9 cm. or 6.00 feet tall.
Historians' assessment: His public persuasion score by historians was 51.1%, for crisis leadership he scored 44.1%, for economic management, he scored 46.1%, for moral authority: 58.1%, international relations: 43.4%, administrative skills: 48.8%, relations with Congress: 48.6%, vision and setting an agenda: 47%. "His Pursued Equal Justice For All" score is 46.7%. Among presidential communicators he ranked as #22. His congressional relationship rank is #24. Ability to compromise #27. As for his willingness to take risks he was #31. Imaginative rank #28.
According to Psychological Science's team of psychologists, he was humble for a president, he ranked #33 on the narcissism scale. In another evaluation by psychologists, they classified him thus: A philosopher, in other words: curious, inquisitive and analytical.
In the 2017 C-SPAN survey of historians, Garfield ranked #29 overall. In the similar 2010 Siena College Research Institute's survey of presidential scholars, he was ranked #27.

Chester Alan Arthur "Chet" (1881-1885) #21 Chester A. Arthur was 52 years old when he became president. He had 0 years of political experience. He served in the military. His education includes: Union College, State and National Law School (did not graduate). He was 188 cm. or 6.17 feet tall.
Historians' assessment: His public persuasion score by historians was 41.3%, for crisis leadership he scored 42.8%, for economic management, he scored 43.8%, for moral authority: 44.2%, international relations: 47.5%, administrative skills: 52.3%, relations with Congress: 45.9%, vision and setting an agenda: 41.8%. "His Pursued Equal Justice For All" score is 40.8%. Among presidential communicators he ranked as #32. His congressional relationship rank is #27. Ability to compromise #21. As for his willingness to take risks he was #27. Imaginative rank #25.
According to Psychological Science's team of psychologists, he was humble for a president, he ranked #8 on the narcissism scale. In another evaluation by psychologists, they classified him thus: A dominator. Dominators are prone to bully others and are bossy, demanding, and domineering.
In the 2017 C-SPAN survey of historians, Arthur ranked #35 overall. In the similar 2010 Siena College Research Institute's survey of presidential scholars, he was ranked #25.

Grover Cleveland "Uncle Jumbo" (1885-1889/1893-1897) #22 & 24 Grover Cleveland was 48 years old when he became president. He had 2 years of political experience. His education includes: Clinton Academy, . He was 180.3 cm. or 5.92 feet tall.
Historians' assessment: His public persuasion score by historians was 60%, for crisis leadership he scored 54.7%, for economic management, he scored 50.1%, for moral authority: 56.6%, international relations: 56.1%, administrative skills: 58.4%, relations with Congress: 53.6%, vision and setting an agenda: 55.6%. "His Pursued Equal Justice For All" score is 38.6%. Among presidential communicators he ranked as #17. His congressional relationship rank is #15. Ability to compromise #19. As for his willingness to take risks he was #24. Imaginative rank #22.
According to Psychological Science's team of psychologists, he was moderately confident for a president, he ranked #40 on the narcissism scale. In another evaluation by psychologists, they classified him thus: A Good guy. Good guys are defined as not being overwhelmed by stress. They make good decisions even under adversity.
In the 2017 C-SPAN survey of historians, Cleveland ranked #23 overall. In the similar 2010 Siena College Research Institute's survey of presidential scholars, he was ranked #20.

Benjamin Harrison "Little Ben" (1889-1893) #23 Benjamin Harrison was 56 years old when he became president. He had 6 years of political experience. He served in the military. His education includes: Farmers' College, Miami University. He was 167.6 cm. or 5.50 feet tall.
Historians' assessment: His public persuasion score by historians was 43.8%, for crisis leadership he scored 42.5%, for economic management, he scored 43.3%, for moral authority: 47.7%, international relations: 51%, administrative skills: 49.3%, relations with Congress: 50.5%, vision and setting an agenda: 43.5%. "His Pursued Equal Justice For All" score is 43.8%. Among presidential communicators he ranked as #34. His congressional relationship rank is #28. Ability to compromise #30. As for his willingness to take risks he was #39. Imaginative rank #34.
According to Psychological Science's team of psychologists, he was humble for a president, he ranked #28 on the narcissism scale. In another evaluation by psychologists, they classified him thus: An introvert.
In the 2017 C-SPAN survey of historians, Harrison ranked #30 overall. In the similar 2010 Siena College Research Institute's survey of presidential scholars, he was ranked #34.

William McKinley "Ohio Napoleon" (1897-1901) #25 William McKinley was 54 years old when he became president. He had 17 years of political experience. He served in the military. His education includes: Poland Academy, Allegheny College (withdrew) Mount Union College (withdrew) Albany Law School (withdrew). He was 170.2 cm. or 5.58 feet tall.
Historians' assessment: His public persuasion score by historians was 67.4%, for crisis leadership he scored 64.8%, for economic management, he scored 64.3%, for moral authority: 63.5%, international relations: 65.5%, administrative skills: 65.4%, relations with Congress: 65.6%, vision and setting an agenda: 63.5%. "His Pursued Equal Justice For All" score is 41.4%. Among presidential communicators he ranked as #19. His congressional relationship rank is #11. Ability to compromise #20. As for his willingness to take risks he was #21. Imaginative rank #23.
According to Psychological Science's team of psychologists, he was moderately confident for a president, he ranked #34 on the narcissism scale. In another evaluation by psychologists, they classified him thus: A maintainer. Maintainers are conforming and conventional, not rebellious.
In the 2017 C-SPAN survey of historians, McKinley ranked #16 overall. In the similar 2010 Siena College Research Institute's survey of presidential scholars, he was ranked #21.

Theodore Roosevelt "The Rough Rider" (1901-1909) #26 Theodore Roosevelt was 43 years old when he became president. He had 4 years of political experience. He served in the military. His education includes: Harvard University, Columbia Law School (withdrew). He was 177.8 cm. or 5.83 feet tall.
Historians' assessment: His public persuasion score by historians was 92.6%, for crisis leadership he scored 83.5%, for economic management, he scored 76.2%, for moral authority: 84.1%, international relations: 84.4%, administrative skills: 78.8%, relations with Congress: 72%, vision and setting an agenda: 87.6%. "His Pursued Equal Justice For All" score is 62.8%. Among presidential communicators he ranked as #3. His congressional relationship rank is #5. Ability to compromise #12. As for his willingness to take risks he was #1. Imaginative rank #1.
According to Psychological Science's team of psychologists, he was supremely confident, he ranked #2 on the narcissism scale. In another evaluation by psychologists, they classified him thus: A dominator. Dominators are prone to bully others and are bossy, demanding, and domineering. An extrovert.
In the 2017 C-SPAN survey of historians, Roosevelt ranked #4 overall. In the similar 2010 Siena College Research Institute's survey of presidential scholars, he was ranked #2.

William Howard Taft "Big Lub" (1909-1913) #27 William Howard Taft was 51 years old when he became president. He had 6 years of political experience. His education includes: Woodward High School, Yale University, University of Cincinnati College of Law. He was 182 cm. or 5.97 feet tall.
Historians' assessment: His public persuasion score by historians was 45.1%, for crisis leadership he scored 49.9%, for economic management, he scored 55.2%, for moral authority: 56.7%, international relations: 57.8%, administrative skills: 65.8%, relations with Congress: 52.3%, vision and setting an agenda: 45.9%. "His Pursued Equal Justice For All" score is 44.7%. Among presidential communicators he ranked as #29. His congressional relationship rank is #30. Ability to compromise #24. As for his willingness to take risks he was #36. Imaginative rank #30.
According to Psychological Science's team of psychologists, he was moderately confident for a president, he ranked #37 on the narcissism scale. In another evaluation by psychologists, they classified him thus: An innocent. Innocents are submissive and accept domination easily and often unmotivated.
In the 2017 C-SPAN survey of historians, Taft ranked #24 overall. In the similar 2010 Siena College Research Institute's survey of presidential scholars, he was ranked #24.

Woodrow Wilson "The Professor" (1913-1921) #28 Woodrow Wilson was 56 years old when he became president. He had 2 years of political experience. His education includes: Davidson College (transferred) Princeton University, University of Virginia School of Law (withdrew) Johns Hopkins University (Ph.D.). He was 180.3 cm. or 5.92 feet tall.
Historians' assessment: His public persuasion score by historians was 77.8%, for crisis leadership he scored 73.4%, for economic management, he scored 69.5%, for moral authority: 75.7%, international relations: 71.3%, administrative skills: 70%, relations with Congress: 55.2%, vision and setting an agenda: 83%. "His Pursued Equal Justice For All" score is 36.2%. Among presidential communicators he ranked as #9. His congressional relationship rank is #16. Ability to compromise #37. As for his willingness to take risks he was #9. Imaginative rank #5.
According to Psychological Science's team of psychologists, he was very confident for a president, he ranked #10 on the narcissism scale. In another evaluation by psychologists, they classified him thus: An introvert.
In the 2017 C-SPAN survey of historians, Wilson ranked #11 overall. In the similar 2010 Siena College Research Institute's survey of presidential scholars, he was ranked #8.

Warren G. Harding "Winnie" (1921-1923) #29 Warren G. Harding was 55 years old when he became president. He had 12 years of political experience. His education includes: Caledonia High School, Ohio Central College. He was 182.9 cm. or 6.00 feet tall.
Historians' assessment: His public persuasion score by historians was 41.4%, for crisis leadership he scored 32.1%, for economic management, he scored 40.6%, for moral authority: 24.7%, international relations: 42.1%, administrative skills: 32.5%, relations with Congress: 43.8%, vision and setting an agenda: 32.8%. "His Pursued Equal Justice For All" score is 37%. Among presidential communicators he ranked as #36. His congressional relationship rank is #34. Ability to compromise #26. As for his willingness to take risks he was #40. Imaginative rank #43.
According to Psychological Science's team of psychologists, he was very humble for a president, he ranked #24 on the narcissism scale. In another evaluation by psychologists, they classified him thus: An innocent. Innocents are submissive and accept domination easily and often unmotivated. An actor. Actors’ characteristics include being charming, lively, warm and self-disclosing. An extrovert.
In the 2017 C-SPAN survey of historians, Harding ranked #40 overall. In the similar 2010 Siena College Research Institute's survey of presidential scholars, he was ranked #41.

Calvin Coolidge "Silent Cal" (1923-1929) #30 Calvin Coolidge was 51 years old when he became president. He had 11 years of political experience. His education includes: Black River Academy, St. Johnsbury Academy, Amherst College. He was 177.8 cm. or 5.83 feet tall.
Historians' assessment: His public persuasion score by historians was 49.8%, for crisis leadership he scored 46.8%, for economic management, he scored 52.7%, for moral authority: 59.1%, international relations: 50.9%, administrative skills: 56.3%, relations with Congress: 55.1%, vision and setting an agenda: 44.9%. "His Pursued Equal Justice For All" score is 39.5%. Among presidential communicators he ranked as #38. His congressional relationship rank is #21. Ability to compromise #28. As for his willingness to take risks he was #41. Imaginative rank #37.
According to Psychological Science's team of psychologists, he was humble for a president, he ranked #38 on the narcissism scale. In another evaluation by psychologists, they classified him thus: An introvert.
In the 2017 C-SPAN survey of historians, Coolidge ranked #27 overall. In the similar 2010 Siena College Research Institute's survey of presidential scholars, he was ranked #29.

Herbert Hoover "The Great Engineer" (1929-1933) #31 Herbert Hoover was 55 years old when he became president. He had 8 years of political experience. His education includes: Stanford University. He was 180.3 cm. or 5.92 feet tall.
Historians' assessment: His public persuasion score by historians was 37%, for crisis leadership he scored 29.7%, for economic management, he scored 28.4%, for moral authority: 48%, international relations: 49.6%, administrative skills: 64.7%, relations with Congress: 44.9%, vision and setting an agenda: 37.1%. "His Pursued Equal Justice For All" score is 40%. Among presidential communicators he ranked as #31. His congressional relationship rank is #33. Ability to compromise #40. As for his willingness to take risks he was #42. Imaginative rank #38.
According to Psychological Science's team of psychologists, he was very humble for a president, he ranked #23 on the narcissism scale. In another evaluation by psychologists, they classified him thus: An introvert.
In the 2017 C-SPAN survey of historians, Hoover ranked #36 overall. In the similar 2010 Siena College Research Institute's survey of presidential scholars, he was ranked #36.

Franklin Delano Roosevelt "FDR" (1933-1945) #32 Franklin D. Roosevelt was 51 years old when he became president. He had 5 years of political experience. His education includes: Groton School, Harvard University, Columbia Law School (withdrew). He was 188 cm. or 6.17 feet tall.
Historians' assessment: His public persuasion score by historians was 96.8%, for crisis leadership he scored 94.1%, for economic management, he scored 75.7%, for moral authority: 85.7%, international relations: 89.7%, administrative skills: 79.1%, relations with Congress: 80.1%, vision and setting an agenda: 92.7%. "His Pursued Equal Justice For All" score is 68.8%. Among presidential communicators he ranked as #1. His congressional relationship rank is #2. Ability to compromise #2. As for his willingness to take risks he was #3. Imaginative rank #4.
According to Psychological Science's team of psychologists, he was supremely confident, he ranked #4 on the narcissism scale. In another evaluation by psychologists, they classified him thus: An extrovert.
In the 2017 C-SPAN survey of historians, Roosevelt ranked #3 overall. In the similar 2010 Siena College Research Institute's survey of presidential scholars, he was ranked #1.

Harry S Truman "Haberdasher Harry" (1945-1953) #33 Harry S. Truman was 61 years old when he became president. He had 10 years of political experience. He served in the military. His education includes: Independence High School, Spalding's Commercial College (withdrew) University of Kansas City School of Law (withdrew). He was 175.2 cm. or 5.75 feet tall.
Historians' assessment: His public persuasion score by historians was 67.8%, for crisis leadership he scored 85.1%, for economic management, he scored 68.8%, for moral authority: 72.8%, international relations: 82.6%, administrative skills: 67.5%, relations with Congress: 57.9%, vision and setting an agenda: 73%. "His Pursued Equal Justice For All" score is 81.4%. Among presidential communicators he ranked as #14. His congressional relationship rank is #20. Ability to compromise #15. As for his willingness to take risks he was #6. Imaginative rank #15.
According to Psychological Science's team of psychologists, he was supremely confident, he ranked #18 on the narcissism scale. In another evaluation by psychologists, they classified him thus: A maintainer. Maintainers are conforming and conventional, not rebellious.
In the 2017 C-SPAN survey of historians, Truman ranked #6 overall. In the similar 2010 Siena College Research Institute's survey of presidential scholars, he was ranked #9.

Dwight David Eisenhower "Ike" (1953-1961) #34 Dwight D. Eisenhower was 62 years old when he became president. He had 0 years of political experience. He served in the military. His education includes: Abilene High School, U.S. Military Academy (West Point) United States Army Command and General Staff College, United States Army Industrial College. He was 179.1 cm. or 5.88 feet tall.
Historians' assessment: His public persuasion score by historians was 73%, for crisis leadership he scored 82.3%, for economic management, he scored 71.5%, for moral authority: 85.6%, international relations: 81.5%, administrative skills: 77%, relations with Congress: 72%, vision and setting an agenda: 64.1%. "His Pursued Equal Justice For All" score is 60.7%. Among presidential communicators he ranked as #21. His congressional relationship rank is #10. Ability to compromise #5. As for his willingness to take risks he was #20. Imaginative rank #20.
According to Psychological Science's team of psychologists, he was supremely confident, he ranked #21 on the narcissism scale. In another evaluation by psychologists, they classified him thus: A Good guy. Good guys are defined as not being overwhelmed by stress. They make good decisions even under adversity.
In the 2017 C-SPAN survey of historians, Eisenhower ranked #5 overall. In the similar 2010 Siena College Research Institute's survey of presidential scholars, he was ranked #10.

John F. Kennedy "Jack" (1961-1963) #35 John F. Kennedy was 44 years old when he became president. He had 13 years of political experience. He served in the military. His education includes: The Choate School, London School of Economics (General Course Program) Princeton University (transferred) Harvard University. He was 182.9 cm. or 6.00 feet tall.
Historians' assessment: His public persuasion score by historians was 86.4%, for crisis leadership he scored 79.4%, for economic management, he scored 70.7%, for moral authority: 66.9%, international relations: 69.5%, administrative skills: 63.3%, relations with Congress: 61.3%, vision and setting an agenda: 80.9%. "His Pursued Equal Justice For All" score is 71.7%. Among presidential communicators he ranked as #4. His congressional relationship rank is #13. Ability to compromise #6. As for his willingness to take risks he was #10. Imaginative rank #7.
According to Psychological Science's team of psychologists, he was very confident for a president, he ranked #5 on the narcissism scale. In another evaluation by psychologists, they classified him thus: An extrovert.
In the 2017 C-SPAN survey of historians, Kennedy ranked #8 overall. In the similar 2010 Siena College Research Institute's survey of presidential scholars, he was ranked #11.

Lyndon B. Johnson "LBJ" (1963-1969) #36 Lyndon B. Johnson was 55 years old when he became president. He had 26 years of political experience. He served in the military. His education includes: Johnson City High School, Southwest Texas State College (now Texas State University) Georgetown University Law Center (withdrew). He was 190.5 cm. or 6.25 feet tall.
Historians' assessment: His public persuasion score by historians was 67.5%, for crisis leadership he scored 59.7%, for economic management, he scored 63.9%, for moral authority: 57.8%, international relations: 41.5%, administrative skills: 72.3%, relations with Congress: 83%, vision and setting an agenda: 81.7%. "His Pursued Equal Justice For All" score is 91.5%. Among presidential communicators he ranked as #16. His congressional relationship rank is #1. Ability to compromise #9. As for his willingness to take risks he was #12. Imaginative rank #12.
According to Psychological Science's team of psychologists, he was very confident for a president, he ranked #1 on the narcissism scale. In another evaluation by psychologists, they classified him thus: A dominator. Dominators are prone to bully others and are bossy, demanding, and domineering. An extrovert.
In the 2017 C-SPAN survey of historians, Johnson ranked #10 overall. In the similar 2010 Siena College Research Institute's survey of presidential scholars, he was ranked #16.

Richard M. Nixon "Tricky Dick" 1969-1974) #37 Richard Nixon was 56 years old when he became president. He had 14 years of political experience. He served in the military. His education includes: Fullerton Union High School, Whittier College, Duke University School of Law. He was 181.6 cm. or 5.96 feet tall.
Historians' assessment: His public persuasion score by historians was 49%, for crisis leadership he scored 49.1%, for economic management, he scored 52.6%, for moral authority: 23%, international relations: 72.3%, administrative skills: 56.5%, relations with Congress: 42.8%, vision and setting an agenda: 50.2%. "His Pursued Equal Justice For All" score is 46.6%. Among presidential communicators he ranked as #26. His congressional relationship rank is #36. Ability to compromise #33. As for his willingness to take risks he was #14. Imaginative rank #19.
According to Psychological Science's team of psychologists, he was very humble for a president, he ranked #6 on the narcissism scale. In another evaluation by psychologists, they classified him thus: A dominator. Dominators are prone to bully others and are bossy, demanding, and domineering. An introvert.
In the 2017 C-SPAN survey of historians, Nixon ranked #28 overall. In the similar 2010 Siena College Research Institute's survey of presidential scholars, he was ranked #30.

Gerald R. Ford "Jerry" (1974-1977) #38 Gerald Ford was 61 years old when he became president. He had 28 years of political experience. He served in the military. His education includes: Grand Rapids South High School, University of Michigan, Yale Law School. He was 182.9 cm. or 6.00 feet tall.
Historians' assessment: His public persuasion score by historians was 42.5%, for crisis leadership he scored 53.6%, for economic management, he scored 44.9%, for moral authority: 57.9%, international relations: 54.2%, administrative skills: 52.9%, relations with Congress: 54.9%, vision and setting an agenda: 41.5%. "His Pursued Equal Justice For All" score is 53.1%. Among presidential communicators he ranked as #35. His congressional relationship rank is #17. Ability to compromise #17. As for his willingness to take risks he was #35. Imaginative rank #33.
According to Psychological Science's team of psychologists, he was humble for a president, he ranked #31 on the narcissism scale. In another evaluation by psychologists, they classified him thus: A good guy. Good guys are defined as not being overwhelmed by stress. They make good decisions even under adversity. A maintainer. Maintainers are conforming and conventional, not rebellious.
In the 2017 C-SPAN survey of historians, Ford ranked #25 overall. In the similar 2010 Siena College Research Institute's survey of presidential scholars, he was ranked #28.

Jimmy Carter "The Peanut Farmer" (1977-1981) #39 Jimmy Carter was 52 years old when he became president. He had 8 years of political experience. He served in the military. His education includes: Plains High School, Georgia Southwestern College (transferred) Georgia Institute of Technology (transferred) U.S. Naval Academy, Union College (Postgraduate Nuclear Physics Course Program). He was 176.5 cm. or 5.79 feet tall.
Historians' assessment: His public persuasion score by historians was 42.5%, for crisis leadership he scored 40%, for economic management, he scored 41.5%, for moral authority: 67.1%, international relations: 49.4%, administrative skills: 49.1%, relations with Congress: 44.2%, vision and setting an agenda: 50.8%. "His Pursued Equal Justice For All" score is 75.1%. Among presidential communicators he ranked as #27. His congressional relationship rank is #39. Ability to compromise #31. As for his willingness to take risks he was #25. Imaginative rank #21.
According to Psychological Science's team of psychologists, he was humble for a president, he ranked #20 on the narcissism scale. In another evaluation by psychologists, they classified him thus: A philosopher, in other words: curious, inquisitive and analytical.
In the 2017 C-SPAN survey of historians, Carter ranked #26 overall. In the similar 2010 Siena College Research Institute's survey of presidential scholars, he was ranked #32.

Ronald Reagan "Dutch" (1981-1989) #40 Ronald Reagan was 70 years old when he became president. He had 8 years of political experience. He served in the military. His education includes: Dixon High School, Eureka College. He was 185.4 cm. or 6.08 feet tall.
Historians' assessment: His public persuasion score by historians was 90.9%, for crisis leadership he scored 74.1%, for economic management, he scored 60.9%, for moral authority: 68.8%, international relations: 76.8%, administrative skills: 47.4%, relations with Congress: 68.9%, vision and setting an agenda: 84.9%. "His Pursued Equal Justice For All" score is 44.6%. Among presidential communicators he ranked as #5. His congressional relationship rank is #7. Ability to compromise #14. As for his willingness to take risks he was #11. Imaginative rank #18.
According to Psychological Science's team of psychologists, he was supremely confident, he ranked #15 on the narcissism scale. In another evaluation by psychologists, they classified him thus: An actor. Actors’ characteristics include being charming, lively, warm and self-disclosing. An extrovert.
In the 2017 C-SPAN survey of historians, Reagan ranked #9 overall. In the similar 2010 Siena College Research Institute's survey of presidential scholars, he was ranked #18.

George Herbert Walker Bush "Poppy" (1989-1993) #41 George H. W. Bush was 65 years old when he became president. He had 15 years of political experience. He served in the military. His education includes: Phillips Academy, Yale University. He is 188 cm. or 6.17 feet tall.
Historians' assessment: His public persuasion score by historians was 49.8%, for crisis leadership he scored 72.7%, for economic management, he scored 52.9%, for moral authority: 64%, international relations: 77.3%, administrative skills: 63.1%, relations with Congress: 56.3%, vision and setting an agenda: 46.1%. "His Pursued Equal Justice For All" score is 52%. Among presidential communicators he ranked as #33. His congressional relationship rank is #23. Ability to compromise #16. As for his willingness to take risks he was #29. Imaginative rank #31.
According to Psychological Science's team of psychologists, he was moderately confident for a president, he ranked #26 on the narcissism scale. In another evaluation by psychologists, they classified him thus: A maintainer. Maintainers are conforming and conventional, not rebellious.
In the 2017 C-SPAN survey of historians, Bush ranked #20 overall. In the similar 2010 Siena College Research Institute's survey of presidential scholars, he was ranked #22.

Bill Clinton "Slick Willie" (1993-2001) #42 Bill Clinton was 46 years old when he became president. He had 11 years of political experience. His education includes: Hot Springs High School, Georgetown University, University of Oxford (Rhodes Scholar; withdrew) Yale Law School. He is 188 cm. or 6.17 feet tall.
Historians' assessment: His public persuasion score by historians was 79.6%, for crisis leadership he scored 61.5%, for economic management, he scored 78.6%, for moral authority: 33.2%, international relations: 63.8%, administrative skills: 60.7%, relations with Congress: 55.1%, vision and setting an agenda: 63.1%. "His Pursued Equal Justice For All" score is 72.3%. Among presidential communicators he ranked as #8. His congressional relationship rank is #25. Ability to compromise #4. As for his willingness to take risks he was #18. Imaginative rank #10.
According to Psychological Science's team of psychologists, he was moderately confident for a president, he ranked #7 on the narcissism scale. In another evaluation by psychologists, they classified him thus: An actor. Actors’ characteristics include being charming, lively, warm and self-disclosing. An extrovert.
In the 2017 C-SPAN survey of historians, Clinton ranked #15 overall. In the similar 2010 Siena College Research Institute's survey of presidential scholars, he was ranked #13.

George Walker Bush "W" (2001-2009) #43 George W. Bush was 55 years old when he became president. He had 5 years of political experience. He served in the military. His education includes: Phillips Academy, Yale University, Harvard Business School. He is 180.3 cm. or 5.91 feet tall.
Historians' assessment: His public persuasion score by historians was 49%, for crisis leadership he scored 52.3%, for economic management, he scored 38.2%, for moral authority: 45.8%, international relations: 36.4%, administrative skills: 45.5%, relations with Congress: 51.9%, vision and setting an agenda: 46.3%. "His Pursued Equal Justice For All" score is 47%. Among presidential communicators he ranked as #42. His congressional relationship rank is #32. Ability to compromise #42. As for his willingness to take risks he was #19. Imaginative rank #40.
According to Psychological Science's team of psychologists, he was very humble for a president, he ranked #11 on the narcissism scale. In another evaluation by psychologists, they classified him thus: A good guy. Good guys are defined as not being overwhelmed by stress. They make good decisions even under adversity.
In the 2017 C-SPAN survey of historians, Bush ranked #33 overall. In the similar 2010 Siena College Research Institute's survey of presidential scholars, he was ranked #39.

Barack Obama "Barry" (2009-2016) #44 Barack Obama was 47 years old when he became president. He had 10 years of political experience. His education includes: Punahou School, Occidental College (transferred) Columbia University, Harvard Law School. He is 185.4 cm. or 6.08 feet tall.
Historians' assessment: His public persuasion score by historians was 77.9%, for crisis leadership he scored 65.4%, for economic management, he scored 69.6%, for moral authority: 77.5%, international relations: 55.1%, administrative skills: 61.3%, relations with Congress: 37.8%, vision and setting an agenda: 73.3%. "His Pursued Equal Justice For All" score is 83.2%. Among presidential communicators he ranked as #7. His congressional relationship rank is #18. Ability to compromise #10. As for his willingness to take risks he was #13. Imaginative rank #6.
According to Psychological Science's team of psychologists, he was very confident for a president, he ranked #15 on the narcissism scale. In another evaluation by psychologists, they classified him thus: A philosopher, in other words: curious, inquisitive and analytical.
In the 2017 C-SPAN survey of historians, Obama ranked #12 overall. In the similar 2010 Siena College Research Institute's survey of presidential scholars, he was ranked #15.

# 45 Donald Trump was 70 years old when he became president. He had 0 years of political experience. His education includes: New York Military Academy, Fordham University (transferred) University of Pennsylvania. He is 188 cm. or 6.17 feet tall. His presidency has not been assessed and compared by historians or psychologists.